This account of the first 300 years of recorded history of Westchester County was prepared by Susan Cochran Swanson and Elizabeth Green Fuller in 1982.
To 1783: Colonial Period to the Revolution
The Elijah Miller house on Virginia Road, North White Plains, was one of Washington's headquarters during the Revolution. Mrs. Miller nursed sick and wounded solders in her home during the war. The Miller house is now a museum.
1783-1865: The Pastoral Life
Smith's Tavern, on Bedford Road in Armonk, is believed to have been built in the late 1700's. John Smith, a former captain in the Continental Army, operated the house as a tavern, post office, and stopping place for the Danbury stage as early as 1797.
1865-1920: A Period of Change
Muscoot Park, on Route 100 in Katonah, is a beautiful Georgian Colonial house purchased by Ferdinand Hopkins in 1880 and operated as a gentleman's farm. Today, it is a county park with farm animals on display as well as herb and vegetable gardens.
1920-1983: Westchester Comes of Age
The Medieval Revival style of architecture, also known as Tudor, reached a peak of popularity in Westchester following World War I. Shops, apartment houses, and even gas stations took on the look that during the 20's became synonymous with stylish living.